Thyroid problems are focused on the thyroid glands inability to produce the correct amount of hormones. Underactive thyroid glands, where not enough hormones are produced for healthy living, is known as hypothyroidism. Overactive thyroid glands, where too many hormones are produced for healthy living, is known as hyperthyroidism. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism cause debilitating, constant symptoms for those that suffer from this irregularity in their thyroid gland. Both conditions affect millions in the United States alone, with typically more women affected by thyroid issues than men. In this article, we go over what constitutes thyroid treatment, and what it aims to achieve.
Treatment of hypothyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is relatively straightforward to treat. Sufferers of an underactive thyroid gland will take daily hormone tablets to help keep their hormones at the correct, healthy level. These tablets contain the hormone thyroxine. Thyroxine tablets can be obtained on prescription after seeing a health professional or through the use of online international pharmacy services. Consultation is normally required in the first month or so of taking these tablets as the level of thyroxine contained within should be matched to your specific needs. Most patients see their symptoms significantly reduce, or even disappear, after taking the hormone tablets. The only downside is the regularity in which these tablets must be taken.
Treatment of hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is far more difficult to treat than hypothyroidism. There are more options available to treat an overactive thyroid gland, but they tend to have more mixed results and possible debilitating side effects. The simplest ways of treating hyperthyroidism are by utilising antithyroid medicines or beta-blockers. Antithyroid medicines block your thyroid from producing hormones.
Used in the right quantities, antithyroid medicines can bring your hormone levels to a healthy level. Beta-blockers interfere with the body’s hormone receptors. This means that although the level of hormones in the body hasn’t changed, the beta-blockers reduce the ability of the body to receive their ‘message’. This stops the effects of the hormones without reducing the amount.
More extreme treatment options for hyperthyroidism are surgery or the use of radioiodine. These methods are designed to kill parts of the thyroid so that the number of hormones being produced is lowered. However, these methods cause irreversible damage to the thyroid and in many cases the damage is more than intended – leading to the patient to suffer from hypothyroidism.
Thyroid problems are debilitating conditions for millions and millions worldwide. This article has gone over some of the treatment options available for those suffering from hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. If you feel you may be suffering from a thyroid issue, seek out a medical professional who will help you go over your options.